Time In Nepal


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Travel Guide

This will give you a general over view about Nepal and help you to well arrange your trip to Nepal. If you have still some queries please email to us info@southwholetreks.com

Country information

Facts about Nepal:

Motto: “Mother and Motherland are greater than Heaven”

Area: 1, 47, 181 KM2 (93rd), 800 Km length from east to west and 200 km wide from north to south. Total area occupancy of globe is 0.03% and 0.3% of Asia Continent.

Situated: Surrounded by People’s Republic of China to the North and rest side by Republic of India.

Capital City: Kathmandu

Highest point: Mount Everest 8848m (Top of the World)

Lowest point: Kechana Kalan (70m)

Population: 27 Million

Literacy rate: 66%

National Anthem: Sayeu Thunga Fulka haami eutai maala Nepali…

”We all Nepali are one garland made of hundreds of flowers”

Language: Nepali and widely speaks English in tourism trade

Religion: Known as one and only Hindu (82%) country in the Globe but they have good brotherhood with Buddhist, Christian and Islamic as well.

Political system: Federal Parliamentary Republic

Water: 2.8 %

Currency: Nepalese Rupees (NPR) Available denomination is Re 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000. Re 1, 2 and 5 are also available in coin.

Drives: on the left hand side

Overland tourists entering Nepal with their vehicles must possess an international carnet. International driving license is acceptable in Nepal.

International calling code: +977

Kathmandu city calling code: 1

Electric appliances:

South Asia countries are using the 220- 240 voltages for the electricity and the frequency is 50 Hz whether other European and American countries used 110- 230 voltages and the frequency 50-60Hz. Nepal uses round two pins and three pins so it is safe to have a connector or adaptor for the safety of your appliances if you use flat two or three pins.

Company and registration

It is always good to remain in the safe side from every aspect during your travel. It is suggested you to use those companies that are registered with Nepal Government and have a valid license to operate the activities. It is mandatory to all the companies that are required to be register with Office of the Company Registrar, Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation and Inland Revenue Department of Nepal Government. It is not mandatory to registered with other unions and associations still it would be great if associated with some of them.

Customs and beliefs

  1. The form of greeting in Nepal is “Namaste” performing by joining both palms together. It literally means “the divine in me salutes the divine in you”.
  2. As a mark of respect, Nepali usually takes their shoes off before entering someone’s house or place of worship.
  3. Food or material that has been touched by another person’s mouth is considered impure or “jutho” and, therefore, is not accepted unless among close friends or family.
  4. Touching something with feet or using the left hand to give or take may not be considered auspicious.
  5. Women wearing skimpy outfits are frowned upon especially in the rural parts of the country.
  6. As a part of the tradition some Hindu temples do not allow non Hindus to enter.
  7. Leather articles are prohibited inside some temple areas.
  8. Walking around temples or stupas is traditionally done clockwise.
  9. To avoid conflict photography is carried out after receiving permission from the object or person.
  10. Public displays of affection are considered scandalous.

Nodding of head means, “Yes” while shaking of head means a “No”. A slight dangling of head from left to right means “OK”.

Accommodation

Nepal has varieties of options for the overnight facilities during your trip. You can find five star multinational hotels to small lodges and home stay facilities. Star hotels are the common options for overnight in the urban areas and the lodges and home stay facilities are more common in the trekking trails and other community areas. Most of the hotels booking plans are on Bed and Breakfast though you can book it on half plan (Breakfast and either lunch or dinner) and full board (three meals a day). Chitwan programs are always on full board with activities.

Transportation

Public Transportation:

There are many buses, minibuses, microbuses and three-wheelers available for different destinations in the valley. Similarly, the Sajha Yatayat has recently resumed bus services along two routes in the valley. It is currently operating along Kalanki, Kalimati, Tripureshwor, Nayabaneshwor, Sinamangal and Airport, and along Satdobato, Jawalakhel, Tripureshwor, Jamal, Teaching Hospital and Naya Bus Park. The buses can be recognized by their green color and the name “Sajha Yatayat” on them. The bus stops only at designated bus stops, therefore, one has to identify the nearest Sajha bus stop to be able to board one.

Metered Taxi:

Consult Kathmandu valley map to find out the direction of your destination. Hail a taxi, which is easily recognized by its taxi sign on top and black license plate. As a rough guide, a taxi will charge Rs. 37 per kilometer. No tip is expected. Private taxis may charge slightly higher. You can also find green plated airport taxi services which will charge NPR 75 per kilometer (both way) and plus service charge. These rates will change time to time so need to confirm before hiring the services.
Night taxi service can also be arranged and operated by major hotels. Fare is slightly higher than metered taxi. One can rent a private car through a travel agent or a car rental company.

Hired Mountain Bike/ Ordinary Bicycle:

Mountain bikes and ordinary bicycles are cheap and the best form of transportation for economy tourists. If you wish to spent less money for transportation you can ask your travel agents to hire motor cycle, mountain bike or ordinary bicycle too.

Long Distance Bus Service:

Long distance day or night bus services are available from Kathmandu to all cities of Nepal. New Bus Park at Gongabu at Ring Road near Balaju, Kathmandu, from where buses depart to different destinations. Six-seater Sumo Tata van, 12-seater van and air-conditioned mini buses are also available for long distance travel. There are also tourist class bus services to the major cities from Kathmandu. Normally these tourist buses will leave Kathmandu early in the morning from Kantipath and the booking services will be arranged by your travel agents in Kathmandu.

Domestic Air Service:

Nepal Airlines has an extensive network of air services to major parts of the country. Besides Nepal Airlines, other domestic airlines (there are more than 18 in operation) provide regular and chartered services to popular domestic destinations.

Visa

Visa is mandatory to enter Nepal except for Indian nationals. You can get visa from embassy and consulate office of Nepal Government in your home country. You can also get visa from your entry point upon arrival in Nepal. Some countries are not eligible to get visa upon arrival. Make sure you will get visa upon arrival or not before making your departure to Nepal. You can find more details in our information page

Entry and exit points

Entry/ Exit Points in Nepal

The entry and exit points for the purpose of the foreigners entering into and departing from Nepal are following. The Immigration offices in such points are opened 24 hours. Entering and departing from other places except the point is treated as the violation of Immigration Act and the Regulation.

  1. Immigration Office, Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu

  2. Immigration Office, Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)

  3. Immigration Office, Birganj, Parsa (Central Nepal)

  4. Immigration Office, Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)

  5. Immigration Office, Belahia, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)

  6. Immigration Office, Jamunaha, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)

  7. Immigration Office, Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)

  8. Immigration Office, Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)


Custom formalities

Customs:

All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry point. Personal effects are permitted free entry. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.

Import:

Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty: cigarettes (200 sticks) or cigars (50 sticks), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system. High ranges movie and video camera user should seek permission from the respective Nepal Government authority to use them in the restricted areas and National parks

Export:

The export of antiques requires special certification from the Department of Archeology, National Archive Building, Ram Shah Path, Kathmandu. It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old, such as sacred images, paintings, manuscripts that are valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal’s cultural heritage and belong here.

Communication

Telephone Services:

Landline and mobile phone services are available in Nepal. Network covers Kathmandu, major cities and towns and most of Nepal, except some rural Himalayan places. Nepal Telecommunications Corporation at Tripureshwor, Kathmandu, is the national service provider. There are also private service providers. Hotels and private communication centers also provide long distance telephone and fax facilities.

For calling from outside, country code for Nepal is 977 and the area code for Kathmandu is 1.

To call Nepal from other countries: 00 + country code (977) + city code + telephone number

Example to call kathmandu: 00-977-1-447 4488

Internet Services:

Internet is widely accessible in Kathmandu. There are countless Internet cafes and communication centers in the Valley and around the country. Wi-fi services are also provided at various hotels and restaurants. Visitors only have to find a place they are most comfortable in to use the facilities to keep in touch with home. Internet services are also offered by hotels

Postal Services:

The Central Post Office located near Dharahara Tower, is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday through Friday. The counters are open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and provide stamps, postcards and aerograms. Post Restante is available from Sunday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at GPO and at Thamel, Basantapur and airport postal counters. You can also find multinational courier services such as DHL, UPS, FEDEX etc.

Health Guide

Health care services in Kathmandu Valley are sound. All kinds of medicines, including those imported from overseas are available in Kathmandu. Kathmandu Valley also offers the services of major general hospitals and private clinics. The Government has set up health posts in different parts of rural Nepal. For major health crisis or emergency, one may have to be evacuated to Kathmandu. Some useful tips to remain healthy during your trip to Nepal:

Useful Tips:

  • A) A travel insurance policy that covers medical treatment is recommended for all tourists.
  • B) Similarly, we recommend you to make sure that the insurance covers activities such as trekking, rafting etc. that you will be undertaking during your stay in Nepal
  • C) Getting special vaccinations are not necessary when visiting Nepal.
  • D) We still recommend that you consult with your physician regarding special immunizing against any tropical disease.
  • E) It may be a good idea to get a complete check-up before departure.
  • F) We recommend that you undertake training programs to be physically fit if you plan to go high-altitude trekking or mountaineering when you’re visiting Nepal.
  • G) Please read up on altitude sickness (AMS), diarrhea, Giardia, Dysentery, Cholera, Hepatitis, Rabies, Typhoid, Tetanus, Meningitis, Diphtheria, Malaria and HIV/ AIDS. Information and little precautions can often save lives.
  • H) Please make sure that food is thoroughly cooked and served hot when eating out.
  • I) Please make sure that salads and fruits are washed with purified water or peeled when eating out.
  • J) Beware of food that has been kept out in the open for long.
  • K) Always make sure that your water is clean by opting for boiled and then cooled water, treated water or sealed water from reputed brand.
  • L) Always carry a bottle of water when trekking or venturing off away from the city/ town.
  • M) Do not walk bare feet on damp mud and grass in unknown areas.
  • N) Please do not swim in lakes and water bodies, especially where depth and vegetation are not known.
  • O) Always carry and use mosquito repellant when in Terai region or during summers.
  • P) Please have a handy medical first aid kit ready for any situation.

Medical Kit:

A simple but adequate medical kit can be very useful while traveling. The following items are recommended: Aspirin of Panadol, for pain or fever; Antihistamine, as a decongestant for colds, allergies and to help prevent motion sickness; Antibiotics, useful if traveling off beaten track but they must be prescribed; Kaolin preparation (Pepto-Bismol), Imodium or Lomotil, for upset stomach; Rehydration mixture – for treatment of severe diarrhea; Antiseptic, mercurochrome and antibiotic powder or similar dry spray- for cuts and grazes.
Other things to be included are: Calamine lotion to ease irritation from bites or stings; bandages and band aids for minor injuries; scissors, tweezers, thermometer, insect repellent, sun block lotions, chopsticks, water purification tablets, throat lozenges, moleskin, Sulamyd 10 percent eye drops, paracetamol and antacid tablets.

Banking and forex transaction

Nepal Rastra Bank is the central bank of Nepal that monitors and controls all the banking procedures in Nepal. This bank also monitors foreign exchange licensing in Nepal. There are various other commercial and developments banks having numerous branches in the major cities of Nepal. You can find ATM outlets in all major cities. Card payments are widely acceptable in the tourism sector and related industries, hotels, departmental stores, curio shops etc. You can also find authorized foreign currency exchange counters in Kathmandu.

Climate

Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with the geographical features. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in south summers are tropical and winters are mild. Nepal has namely five major seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter. An average temperature drops of 6°C occurs for every 1,000 m gain in altitude. In the Terai, summer temperatures exceed 37° C and higher in some areas, winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C in the Terai. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys, summers are temperate while winter temperatures can plummet under sub zero. The valley of Kathmandu has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively. The Himalayas act as a barrier to the cold winds blowing from Central Asia in winter, and forms the northern boundary of the monsoon wind patterns. Eighty percent of the precipitation is received during the monsoon (June-September). Winter rains are more pronounced in the western hills. The average annual rainfall is 1,600 mm, but it varies by eco-climatic zones, such as 3,345 mm in Pokhara and below 300 mm in Mustang. An interesting fact is that there is no seasonal constraint on traveling in and through Nepal. Even in December and January, when winter is at its severest, there are compensating bright sun and brilliant views. As with most of the trekking areas in Nepal, the best time to visit are during spring and autumn. Spring is the time for rhododendrons while the clearest skies are found after the monsoon in October and November. However, Nepal can be visited the whole year round.

Here’s a brief view of the average temperatures and rainfall during peak summer and winter in three most popular tourist areas:

Place Summer (May, June, July) Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb)

Max (°C) Min (°C) Rain (mm) Max (°C) Min (°C) Rain (mm)
Kathmandu 28.1 19.5 312 19.3 (°C) 3.0 15.4
Pokhara 29.7 21.3 829.7 20.3 7.7 26.3
Chitwan 33.0 25.3 404.0 24.1 8.3 13.8

Food and cuisine

Nepal has its one typical cuisine called “DHIDO with GUNDRUK and DAAL VHAAT TARKARI”. The most common food consumed by locals is Daal, rice and curry which is more or less similar to Indian Food. Nepalese also use more spicy food. If you enter to a local restaurant, you should ask for non-spicy food.
All the tourist class hotels serve international standard food. Most of the hotels have the choices of cuisine like Nepali, Chinese, Indian and Continental., You can also find Korean and Thai food easily. During the trek you have to consume form the lodges and provides continental food. In the organized trek, the trekking crew will prepare the food.

Nepal’s Major Festivals

Nepal is a country where you can enjoy a festival through out the year. Nowadays most of the habitants of cities are also celebrating many international festivals too. Below are the lists of major festivals that celebrate nationwide. For the details of the festival you can visit the page “ Nepal’s Major Festivals” page.

  • Losar
  • Maha Shivaratri
  • Holi
  • Seto (White) Machhendranath
  • Bisket Jatra
  • Balkumari Jatra Thimi
  • Rato Machhendranath
  • Buddha Jayanti (The Buddha,s Birthday)
  • Nag Panchami, Janai purnima and Ghanta Karna
  • Gai Jatra
  • TEEJ
  • Indra Jatra
  • Pachali Bhairab Jatra
  • Dashain
  • Tihar
  • Mani Rimdu, Bala Chaturdashi and Sita Bibaha Panchami.

Weather Information

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